Sunday, May 30, 2010

Clubbing

The causes of clubbing (hypertrophic osteoarthropathy) are CLUBBING:
  1. Cyanotic heart disease
  2. Lung diseases (hypoxia, cancer, bronchiectasis, cystic fibrosis)
  3. Ulcerative colitis
  4. Biliary cirrhosis
  5. Birth defect
  6. Infective endocarditis
  7. Neoplasms (e.g. Hodgkin's)
  8. GI malabsorption

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